Russkaya Tsvetnaya Bolonka
At RKF Presidium session on 11/24/2010 was accepted the standard of Russkaya Tsvetnaya Bolonka. The following standard becomes valid from the moment of its publication in the RKF Bulletin №5/2010/
FCI-RKF Standard 11.24.2010/Russia
CLASSIFICATION: Group 9, Companion and Toy Dogs
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: In originating of RUSSKAYA TSVETNAYA BOLONKA were involved the following breeds –French Bichon, Shih-tzu, Lhasa-apso. Creation of the breed started in 1951 in Leningrad. The principal breed’s attributes were small size (20-24 sm), rich one-colored coat. In 1962 there was written for the breed group “tsvetnaya bolonka” . In 1966 the standard for the “tsvetnaya bolonka” was confirmed by Ministry of Agriculture. Active breeding work and cooperation with cynologists of Leningrad approved MGOLS the basic center of genetic work with the breed “tsvetnaya bolonka”. In 80’s as popularity of the breed grew, there were organized clubs and kennels. National Breed Club “Tsvetnaya Bolonka” was founded in 1999.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: small, body slightly longer than height, harmonious construction. Looks lovable due to the bright colors of rich coat. Sweet and nice eye expression. Tsvetnaya bolonka shouldn’t be in type of shih-tzu or poodle.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: Body length does not exceed height at withers by more than 15%. The depth of the chest should be 50% of the height at withers. The length of a muzzle is little more than one third of length of a head.
BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT: Tender dog with lively temperament and steady character.
HEAD: The head must be in proportion and harmony with the rest of the body.
CRANIAL REGION: Skull is rounded, slightly prominent, the occiput is faintly defined, superciliary arches are moderately defined with well-defined short stop.
Nose: small, vertical in profile, nostrils are well opened; nose is black or similar to the tone of color, preferably dark.
Muzzle: rather short, dry, lightly tapering to a nose. Nasal bridge is straight, wide at base. Lower jaw is rather wide.
Lips: tight, the edges of lips are black or similar to the tone of the color, preferably dark.
Jaws/teeth: scissor bite. Level bite and slight undershot are tolerated. Teeth are white, strong. Incisors set square to the jaw, presence of all incisors and canines is desired.
Cheeks: Cheeks are lightly rounded.
Eyes: Medium size, dark, round, set on a same frontal plan. Brown colored dogs can have lighter eyes; eyelids rightly fit to the eyeball, black or in accordance with the color. Expression is friendly playful.
Ears: Moderate size, V-shaped, with slightly rounded point. Set on moderate height. They are garnished with beautiful hairs.
Top line: level.
Withers: moderately defined.
Back: Straight, strong, broad, muscular, moderately long.
Loin: Short, slightly arched.
Croup: Rounded, medium length, rather broad, slightly sloping, muscular.
Chest: Moderately broad, oval shaped, long, brisket should reach to the elbows.
Lower line: Belly is moderately tucked up.
TAIL: medium length, set at moderate height, curled over the thighs, laid on the back. End of the tail close to the body. The ail is completely covered by coat.
General appearance: straight and parallel, when viewed from the front stay moderately wide.
Blades: Well sloped, pulled back, with good muscles, angulation with a shoulder is 100-110 degrees.
Shoulders: The length of shoulder is equal to the length of the blade.
Elbows: Are directed strictly back.
Forearms: Medium length, upright.
Wrists: Continue a vertical line of a forearm.
Pasterns: Strong, almost upright.
Forefeet: Small, round form, toes are closed. Pads and nails are dark.
General appearance: straight and parallel when viewed from rear, moderately wide.
Hips: Of moderate length, with the developed muscles, slightly laid back.
Stifle: Round, angles are moderately defined.
Thighs: of moderate length
Hocks: Dry, strong, moderately angulated.
Rear pasterns: of medium length, upright.
Hind feet: are little smaller than forefeet, of oval shape, the toes are closed. Pads and nails are dark.
MOVEMENT: easy, free
SKIN: elastic, without wrinkles, its pigmentation corresponds to the color of the coat.
COAT: Long, silky, shining, thick, with developed undercoat, covers the whole body. Hair is dense, heavy. The large curl is preferable, wavy coat is tolerated.
COLOR: Any color, except white and spotty. Small white marks on the chest and fingers are tolerated.
SIZE AND WEIGHT: Height at the withers: preferable size (male and female)—up to 26 sm.
Weight: The ideal weight of males and females – 3-4 kg.
FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
1. Square or too long body. Too long or too whort legs.
2. Flat scull, not enough defined stop, long muzzle.
3. Absence of one incisor.
4. Straight coat.
5. Fine hair.
1. Semi-erect or erect ears.
2. Bulging eyes.
3. Absence of 2 and more incisors.
4. Undershot with break.
5. Absence of undercoat.
6. Kinked tail.
7. Short not parallel forearms.
8. Large white spot on chest, white paws.
1. Non-standard coat color.
2. Absence of coat on a head.
3. Overshot, wry mouth.
4. Size in withers more than 28 sm.
5. Aggressive or vicious behavior.
6. Blue eyes, partially blue colored iris.
7. Abnormally short (bob) tail.
8. Signs of nanism.
N.B.: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
FCI-Standard N° 196 / 20.04.1998 / GB
ORIGIN : Italy.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 27.11.1989.
UTILIZATION : Companion dog.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs.
Section 1 Bichons and related breeds.
Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : Its origins are confused with those of the Maltese, because its distant ancestors are the same little dogs mentioned in Latin by Aristotle (384-322 BC) under the denomination of « canes melitenses ». Already known in the Roman era, the Bolognese appears most especially among the very appreciated gifts which were made during a whole era by the powerful of that world. Cosimo de Medici (1389-1464) brought no less than eight to Brussels as gifts to as many Belgian noblemen. Philipe II, king of Spain from 1556 to 1598, after having received two as a gift from the Duke d’Este, thanks the donor in writing saying « that these two little dogs are the most royal gifts one can make to an emperor ». Bolognese are represented in paintings of Titian, of Pierre Breughel called le Vieux and Goya.
GENERAL APPEARANCE : Small size, stocky and compact, covered with a pure white coat, long and fluffy.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : Square built, the length of the body being equal to the height at the withers.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Very serious, generally not very active. Enterprising, docile, very much attached to his master and his entourage.
HEAD : Of medium length reaching 1/3 of the height at the withers. Its width, measured at the level of the zygomatic arches is the same as its length.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Of slightly ovoid (egg-shaped) shape in the sagittal direction and rather flat in its upper part, has rather convex sides; the protuberances of the frontal bones are well developed - The longitudinal axes of the skull and muzzle are parallel; the frontal furrow is only slightly accentuated and the occipital protuberance only slightly marked. The length of the skull is slightly more than that of the muzzle.
Stop : Rather accentuated.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : On the same line as the topline of the muzzle; seen in profile, its front side is on the vertical. Is large and must be black.
Muzzle : Its length is equal to 2/5 of the length of the head; the topline of the muzzle is straight and the sides of the muzzle are paralell, so that the forepart of the muzzle is almost square. The lower orbital region is well chiselled.
Lips : Upper lips being hardly developed in depth, they do not cover the bottom lips, and the lower profile of the muzzle is determined by the lower jaw.
Jaws/Teeth : Jaws normally developed, with top and bottom arches perfectly adapted. Teeth white, evenly aligned, with strong and complete dentition. Articulation of incisors as scissor bite; pincer bite tolerated.
Eyes : Set on an almost frontal plan; well opened, of superior to normal in size. Eyelid opening is round; the eyeball must not be prominent; the white of the eye is not visible. The rims of the eyelids must be black, and the iris of a dark ochre colour.
Ears : High set, they are long and hanging, but rather rigid at their base, so that the upper part of the external ear is detached from the skull, giving thus the impression of the head being larger than it really is.
NECK : Without dewlap; its length is equal to the length of the head.
BODY : The dog being of a square construction, the length of the body, measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock bone is equal to that of the height at the withers.
Withers : Only slightly prominent from the top line.
Top line : The straight profile of the back, and that of the loin, slightly convex, merge harmoniously in the line of the croup.
Croup : Very slightly sloping; is very wide.
Brisket : Point of the sternum (manubrium) only slightly prominent.
Chest : Ample, let down to level of elbows, with well sprung ribs, the height reaching almost half of the height at the withers.
Underline : Following the profile of the sternum, then rises slightly towards the belly.
TAIL : Set in the line of the croup, carried curved over the back.
FOREQUARTERS : Considered on the whole, they are perfectly straight and parallel in relation to the median plane of the body.
Shoulders : The length of the shoulder blades is equal to 1/4 of the height of the withers; in relation to the horizontal, they are slanting and are near the vertical in relation to the median plane of the body. They are well free in their movements.
Upper arm : Well joined to the body, of an almost equal length to that of the shoulder, but less slanting.
Elbows : They are on a parallel plane to the median plane of the body.
Forearm : Its length is equal to that of the upper arm; follows a perfect vertical direction.
Pastern joint and Pastern : See from the front, they continue the vertical line of the forearm. Seen in profile, the pastern is a little bit slanting.
Forefeet : Oval shaped, with well cushioned dark pads and very hard black nails.
HINDQUARTERS : Considered on the whole and viewed from the back, they must follow from the point of the buttock bone to the ground a perfectly vertical line - they are parallel to each other.
Upper thighs : Their length is equal to 1/3 of the height of the withers. They are slanting from top to bottom and back to front and perfectly parallel to the median plane of the body.
Lower thigh : Is longer than the upper thigh.
Hock joint : The tibia-tarsal angle is not very closed.
Hocks : The distance from the point of the hock to the ground is slightly less than a third of the height at the withers.
Hindfeet : Same characteristics as the front feet, but less oval.
GAIT / MOVEMENT : Free, energetic, with a noble and distinguished head carriage.
SKIN : Well taut and welded to the body all over, the visible mucuous membranes and the third eyelids strictly pigmented black.
HAIR : Long all over the body, from head to tail, from the top line to the feet. It is shorter on the muzzle. Rather fluffy, thus not lying flat, but in flocks; never forms fringes.
COLOUR : Pure white, without any patches nor any shades of white.
SIZE AND WEIGHT :
Height at the withers : Males 27 to 30 cm.
Females 25 to 28 cm.
Weight : : from 2,5 to 4 kg.
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
- Strabismus (Squinting).
SERIOUS FAULTS :
- Accentuated convergence or divergence of the upper longitudinal axes.
- Convex muzzle (Roman nose).
- Prognathism, if it alters the outer look of the muzzle.
- Size under 25 cm and more than 33 cm in the males and under 22 cm or more than 32 cm in females.
ELIMINATING FAULTS :
- Aggresive or overly shy.
- Depigmentation of the nose.
- Nose of any other colour than black.
- Undershot mouth.
- Bilateral depigmentation of the eyelids.
- Tail less.
- Shortened tail whether natural or artificial.
- Any other colour than white.
- Patches and flecks.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.